S&P 500 Historical Market Caps of Individual Companies

The table below lists the historical market caps of the largest S&P 500 companies. Currently (9/30/2018), the most valuable company part of the index is Apple Inc with a market cap of $1,093,240.1 million, followed by Amazon.com and Microsoft Corp. Examine also the weightings of the index components. Note: the market value is blank if a company was not part of the index at the end of a specific year.

For monthly market caps since 3/31/1979, check the historical datasets provided by Siblis Research.

[S&P 500] – Market Caps of The Largest Companies (USD, M)

Ticker Company Name 9/30/2018 12/31/2017 12/31/2016 12/31/2015 12/31/2014 12/31/2013
AAPL Apple Inc. 1,093,240.08 859,967.80 617,588.49 586,859.34 647,361.04 500,738.96
AMZN Amazon.com Inc. 975,461.00 566,023.48 356,313.48 316,831.55 143,693.91 182,539.74
MSFT Microsoft Corp. 878,018.49 659,085.70 483,160.31 443,169.41 382,880.52 312,297.48
GOOGL Alphabet Inc. Class A 840,062.50 731,884.41 546,188.24 534,763.62 360,940.07 376,370.28
BRK.B Berkshire Hathaway Inc 528,336.12 489,062.06 401,987.01 325,490.35 370,024.10 292,360.78
FB Facebook Inc. 475,453.86 512,792.76 332,724.60 297,757.70 218,221.94 139,193.55
JPM JPMorgan Chase & Co. 379,242.15 366,301.48 308,768.40 243,065.01 233,935.87 219,837.37
JNJ Johnson & Johnson 370,613.53 374,802.39 313,432.49 284,220.49 292,702.93 258,415.51
XOM Exxon Mobil Corp. 359,958.53 354,549.96 374,280.51 324,501.10 391,482.21 442,093.62
V Visa Inc. 344,137.61 257,324.21 181,084.42 186,817.95 161,506.02 141,189.59
BAC Bank of America Corp. 294,974.70 303,681.16 225,526.06 175,242.04 188,139.29 166,071.71
WMT Wal-Mart Stores Inc 275,625.85 293,090.00 212,418.89 196,276.04 276,807.56 254,622.90
PFE Pfizer Inc. 258,343.19 216,559.38 197,100.17 199,280.68 196,265.47 198,515.20
UNH United Health Group Inc. 255,930.48 213,625.74 152,328.63 112,123.63 97,025.27 75,808.88
WFC Wells Fargo 254,867.01 296,774.40 276,779.12 277,660.71 284,385.55 239,148.99
T AT&T Inc. 243,782.57 238,700.84 261,176.73 211,690.32 174,231.33 185,222.88
HD Home Depot 237,186.75 221,371.04 163,331.03 167,677.26 138,332.30 115,953.41
CVX Chevron Corp. 234,306.46 238,449.64 222,190.41 169,308.05 212,067.76 240,223.54
MA Mastercard Inc. 231,291.79 159,533.44 110,425.36 107,118.78 95,889.19 96,747.10
CSCO Cisco Systems 224,471.10 189,340.72 151,697.12 137,866.31 142,260.02 119,924.64
VZ Verizon Communications 220,604.06 215,926.66 217,610.72 188,063.31 194,124.09 140,540.40
INTC Intel Corp. 218,054.19 216,351.92 171,883.53 162,569.55 175,462.15 129,047.16
BA Boeing Co. 214,171.26 174,303.31 96,080.40 96,872.99 92,666.64 102,565.82
PG Procter & Gamble 207,908.54 231,629.85 224,997.49 216,040.70 246,136.02 221,291.19
ORCL Oracle Corp. 196,495.16 195,881.04 157,735.47 153,470.57 197,479.77 172,070.87
KO The Coca Cola Co. 196,446.07 195,402.92 178,815.28 186,832.40 184,928.37 182,421.78
MRK Merck & Co. 189,412.78 151,738.36 162,312.71 147,554.94 161,901.08 146,242.55
C Citigroup Inc. 180,541.24 191,226.93 169,359.45 154,162.73 163,925.60 158,049.68
DIS The Walt Disney Co. 175,410.00 161,265.00 165,862.07 173,715.94 159,719.02 134,256.19
NVDA Nvidia Corp. 170,860.16 113,197.50 57,532.86 17,732.48 10,897.92 9,107.95
NFLX Netflix Inc. 162,917.90 83,194.12 53,128.15 48,884.64 20,580.64 21,817.02
CMCSA Comcast Class A Comm. 162,246.25 186,012.55 164,572.94 137,824.54 147,407.30 135,462.35
PEP PepsiCo Inc. 158,121.20 170,286.40 150,058.57 145,568.55 141,519.06 127,196.78
DWDP DowDuPont Inc 148,369.22 165,752.66 69,301.03 57,500.17 52,797.86 53,513.23
ABBV AbbVie Inc. 143,206.23 153,974.99 101,763.70 96,842.41 104,263.26 84,013.42
IBM IBM Corp. 138,019.65 141,480.70 157,832.42 133,506.54 158,781.05 203,673.63
NKE Nike Inc. 135,599.02 101,581.20 84,174.48 106,687.50 83,073.60 69,832.32
AMGN Amgen Inc. 134,531.21 125,590.58 108,768.84 122,450.06 121,167.12 86,030.69
MDT Medtronic Inc. 132,969.58 109,302.55 97,802.14 108,161.52 71,067.69 57,295.31
ADBE Adobe Systems Inc. 132,007.44 86,088.75 50,883.45 46,764.18 36,258.33 29,933.23
MCD McDonald's Corp. 129,783.58 136,680.49 101,081.64 108,479.69 91,189.21 96,547.76
ABT Abbott Laboratories 128,696.84 99,507.42 56,551.43 66,993.15 67,790.71 59,265.31
PM Philip Morris Int'l 126,753.44 164,097.48 141,933.01 136,198.61 126,550.09 139,596.72
MMM 3M Company 123,605.23 140,017.85 107,403.78 92,751.01 104,514.09 93,300.19
HON Honeywell Int'l Inc. 122,196.64 115,158.02 88,292.18 79,820.47 78,218.38 71,695.57
UNP Union Pacific 120,406.27 104,721.10 85,443.93 66,792.26 105,918.36 77,375.59
CRM Salesforce.com 120,338.00 73,840.73 46,490.78 52,057.60 37,424.61 33,279.57
LLY Eli Lilly and Co. 118,041.86 92,906.68 81,195.38 93,366.57 76,815.54 57,459.15
MO Altria Group Inc. 113,760.16 135,768.91 131,877.33 114,131.12 97,380.68 76,780.58
UTX United Technologies 111,861.00 101,945.01 90,261.77 85,216.11 104,840.67 104,420.83
ACN Accenture plc 108,910.98 97,454.49 75,216.79 67,773.58 58,404.99 54,547.21
QCOM Qualcomm, Inc. 105,812.07 94,774.25 96,293.03 75,139.67 123,581.13 125,440.62
TXN Texas Instruments 104,539.73 102,681.13 72,932.49 55,599.92 56,480.36 48,062.26
PYPL PayPal Holdings Inc. 104,002.56 88,344.00 47,626.32 44,225.18
COST Costco Co. 103,018.84 81,741.11 70,326.72 71,023.99 62,441.44 52,335.71
AVGO Broadcom Inc 101,899.49 105,003.25 70,527.69 40,132.52 25,683.85
BMY Bristol-Myers Squibb 101,306.92 99,580.00 97,666.68 114,761.39 97,917.55 87,513.76
UPS United Parcel Service 100,405.00 102,469.00 99,507.52 85,259.78 100,608.85 96,988.84
GILD Gilead Sciences 100,064.16 93,705.12 94,343.02 145,833.00 142,206.67 115,154.51
LMT Lockheed Martin Corp. 98,522.83 91,499.25 73,226.67 66,729.11 60,837.68 47,616.84
TMO Thermo Fisher Scientific 98,314.45 76,201.69 55,738.03 56,612.05 50,119.13 40,238.22
GE General Electric 98,122.30 151,475.96 279,545.92 293,989.71 253,766.19 283,589.85
BKNG Booking Holdings 94,763.78 84,231.73 72,342.73 63,472.11 59,696.83 59,779.91
LOW Lowe's Cos. 93,119.02 77,233.14 61,863.52 69,584.58 66,936.14 51,820.83
AXP American Express Co 91,687.89 85,307.29 67,802.09 68,454.31 96,266.35 97,196.42
CAT Caterpillar Inc. 90,628.62 94,173.91 54,259.67 39,568.62 55,412.17 57,787.49
COP ConocoPhillips 89,946.15 64,611.40 62,124.81 57,645.43 85,006.85 86,553.24
USB U.S. Bancorp 86,401.49 88,709.51 87,312.36 74,637.38 80,432.90 73,782.72
FOXA Twenty-First Century Fox 85,828.78 63,967.86 51,897.40 52,452.17 81,881.90 79,768.80
GS Goldman Sachs Group 84,735.59 95,486.34 95,217.05 76,874.58 84,421.88 80,339.73
SLB Schlumberger Ltd. 84,320.53 93,263.24 116,800.31 87,962.00 109,905.08 118,670.82
MS Morgan Stanley 81,481.34 93,820.92 79,126.69 61,591.29 75,947.24 61,194.02
CVS CVS Health Corp. 80,058.24 73,515.00 84,152.70 108,262.38 110,408.15 85,186.48
NEE NextEra Energy 79,041.00 73,565.49 55,819.84 47,845.09 46,393.67 37,260.28
SBUX Starbucks Corp. 77,660.49 80,838.47 80,803.81 89,132.54 61,398.02 59,074.70
DHR Danaher Corp. 76,029.40 64,658.41 53,842.08 63,649.27 60,227.73 53,823.84
BLK BlackRock Inc 75,780.44 82,731.45 61,673.74 55,842.90 59,073.92 52,878.97
CHTR Charter Communications 75,559.84 80,128.48 77,929.87
EOG EOG Resources 73,886.89 62,423.45 58,279.90 38,913.76 50,455.19 45,816.12
WBA Walgreens Boots Alliance 72,346.83 71,926.19 89,331.97 91,866.09 72,057.92 54,577.82
ANTM Anthem Inc. 71,289.45 57,621.69 37,874.05 36,403.60 33,923.49 27,293.58
BIIB Biogen Idec, Inc. 71,171.83 67,377.56 61,699.63 68,286.33 80,162.81 66,038.07
BDX Becton Dickinson & Co 69,834.20 56,991.98 35,300.56 32,692.66 26,911.04 21,432.52
TJX TJX Companies Inc. 69,538.32 48,345.89 48,977.32 47,476.30 47,244.76 45,324.71
KHC Kraft Heinz Co 67,179.09 94,789.44 106,292.02 88,291.06 36,802.22 32,142.97
SYK Stryker Corp. 66,450.54 57,972.10 44,863.09 34,945.44 35,687.02 28,434.40
AET Aetna Inc. 66,413.09 58,951.45 43,515.11 37,701.44 31,241.51 25,206.83
SCHW Charles Schwab Corp. 66,400.42 69,109.76 52,324.27 43,353.10 39,421.17 33,519.64
ADP ADP, LLC. 66,109.61 51,880.01 46,371.56 39,073.46 40,189.09 38,899.14
ISRG Intuitive Surgical Inc. 65,263.80 40,982.76 24,572.18 20,407.27 19,175.13 14,619.62
AGN Allergan, Plc 64,629.86 54,014.12 70,332.35 123,193.44 68,229.35 29,240.06
AMT American Tower Corp. 64,104.33 61,179.75 44,992.52 41,065.11 39,190.37 31,500.16
CSX CSX Corp. 63,594.95 48,958.90 33,654.23 25,299.82 36,063.23 29,163.40
FDX FedEx Corporation 63,452.02 66,849.27 49,623.98 41,063.88 49,200.14 44,889.02
ATVI Activision Blizzard Inc 63,404.59 47,965.22 26,837.42 28,304.13
PNC PNC Financial SVCS Group Inc 63,328.35 68,249.17 56,901.27 48,398.99 48,006.14 41,280.94
MDLZ Mondelez Int'l 62,994.91 63,692.22 68,463.78 71,258.25 61,031.60 61,908.72
CELG Celgene Corp. 62,875.67 79,240.55 89,729.75 94,090.04 89,343.03 69,627.47
OXY Occidental Petroleum 62,837.12 56,357.63 54,433.11 51,636.19 62,507.25 76,656.31
CB Chubb Ltd. 61,942.41 67,779.92 61,480.59 37,880.55 38,110.06 35,224.32

Purchase a dataset that lists the market caps of all current and past S&P 500 companies since 3/31/1979 and enterprise values since 3/31/1990. The market values are available for the last day of each quarter between 3/31/1979 and 12/31/2004 and for the last day of each month since 1/31/2005. Check a sample file from here.


For key historical data of the index companies, purchase the S&P 500 Researcher Dataset by Siblis Research which provides quarterly earnings, share prices, outstanding shares, market caps, enterprise values, P/E & P/B ratios and EV/EBITDA multiples of all current & past S&P 500 companies since 3/31/1979. The dataset provides also adjusted share prices (total returns) which allows you to examine the performance of the companies before/during/after a company was part of the index. Download a sample dataset from here.



Outstanding Shares Used to Calculate Market Capitalization

The outstanding common shares are taken from the SEC quarterly (10-Q/K) reports of the companies. This number is not fixed but keeps fluctuating when public firms are issuing more, buying back and sometimes splitting their shares. For majority of the companies, one of the quarters will end on 31st Dec. But some companies are using a fiscal year that differs from a calendar year and they might not have a quarter that ends on December. For these firms, the outstanding shares are taken from a quarter that ends on October or November.

Different Stock Blasses & Market Capitalization

Many companies have different types of common stock (note: preferred stock means a security that is a mixture of debt and common stock and is not considered as a separate share class). The most common reason for multiple share classes is to restrict the voting power of some share classes. This is especially common with high-tech companies whose founders want to enjoy the benefits of going public but still maintain full control of their companies. A good example of this is Alphabet (Google) that has two publicly traded share lines, A (GOOGL) and C (GOOG), and also B-class that is not publicly traded. A has one, B has ten and C has no votes. These shares with more votes are usually traded at slightly higher price, although it is very hard to define what is the exact monetary value of having more voting power.

When market cap is calculated, all of the common share classes need to be taken account. The common practice is to combine the number of outstanding shares of all classes and use the price of the share class with the largest trading volume. Alternative method is to calculate the market cap of all the share lines separately and then summing up the value.
For the companies with multiple share lines, the different classes are combined as one figure on the table below.

EXCEPTIONS: For the years 2014 and 2015, the caps for Alphabet and Discovery Communications are calculated separately for different share classes. For the year 2015, also the caps for the both lines of News Corp and 21st Century Fox and are calculated separately. The reason for this is that since 2014, S&P Dow Jones Indices is allowing one company to have multiple stock lines part of their US indexes and their weights are calculated separately.

Note about Alphabet/Google: Before the year 2014, the B-class shares are combined with A-class and the price of A-line is used as the price. From 2014 onwards, B-class is no more combined with A-class and these shares are not taken account when calculating the market value for the company.

The Top US Corporations in 2016

At the beginning of this year, the top ten list of most valuable companies is dominated by technology. The combined value of the 10 largest companies is pretty much the same as it was a at the beginning of 2015. The biggest winner during the 2015 was Amazon.com that has jumped as the fifth most valuable firm. One of the biggest losers was Walmart whose value was decreasing almost $100 billion last year.

The rise of Apple has been phenomenal. At the end of 2008, Apple was valued at $75,998 million but february 2015 the company’s market cap exceeded $700 billion. Apple’s value has been decreasing since July 2015 and was $586 859,3 million at the beginning of 2016 but the company is still the most valuable corporation in US.

Once clearly the largest US corporation, ExxonMobil’s market cap has been stagnant for the past ten years. At the end of 2015, the company was valued at $324 501 million, much less than a year ago. The cheap oil price is likely to cause problems for the company also in the future.

Microsoft has been able to recover from the sharp decrease of its valuation during 2008 and was the second largest US company on 12/31/2015. But Microsoft’s current value is still far away from its historical peak value during the dot-com boom: on Dec 27th 1999 the company was valued at $612,487 million.

S&P 500 Index

Standard & Poor’s 500 Index is maybe the most followed stock index for the US equity market and for the whole economic mood as well. It is a common benchmark to which the performance of a portfolio is compared. When someone is claiming that their portfolio is beating “the market”, it is likely that they are referring to the S&P 500. The index represent around 80% of the total stock market of US. In June 2016, 55 components represented more than 50% of the index value. Since 2005, SPX has been float weighted, meaning that the weight of a company is adjusted based on its public float. For example Wal-Mart and Berkshire Hathaway are known for having a lot of restricted shares controlled by insiders.

Market Cap & Market Value of a Firm

Market capitalization of a company means the market value of all of the company’s shares during a certain point of time. The market cap can be seen as a public opinion of what is the monetary value of a public corporation. It is commonly used to rank companies by their sizes. Calculating the market cap is not always straight forward. A company can have multiple share classes trading with different prices and also some share lines that are not publicly traded but hold by e.g. the founders of a company. There are also other metrics used to give a value for a corporation. Enterprise value takes account also the outstanding debt and preferred stock.

Related Articles